|Photo by Mario Gomez.|
Nepal. Nepal has been involved with national level planning since 1956. Their current round of planning focuses on graduating from a LDC nation (lesser developed nation) by 2022. They have 28 ministries at the central level working on achieving goals as well as 5 development regions. They have engaged a variety of stakeholders in the planning process.
Jamaica. The Planning Institute of Jamaica is a national level organization charged with a variety of planning initiatives. They have been focused on sustainability for some time, but their latest 2009 plan is their first long-term plan called Vision 2030, Sustainable Prosperity built around 4 goals and 15 national outcomes. They also have a series of 3-year medium term plans built within the longer-term plan. To achieve goals, they developed 32 national task forces and 17 multi-sector work groups that include a variety of stakeholders from the public and private sector.
Cambodia. Cambodia has a number of organizations focused on sustainable development at the national level including the National Council for Green Growth and the National Policy on Green Development. Cambodia developed a National Plan on Green Development 2013-2030. Given the geography and culture of Cambodia, the plan is heavily focused on agriculture, fisheries, and forests.
Ghana. Instead of long-term sustainability planning, Ghana is focused on 4-year planning with short-term goals that address long-term problems. Sustainable development is infused within the planning process. This shorter-term planning allows for a regular evaluation of goals as well as a regular resetting of priorities based on changing national and global conditions.
Each of these planning models provides a way for the nation's citizens to engage on sustainability issues in both a top down and bottom up process.